4.2.2013

La Sinagoga de Ulm, Alemania

ister scheithauer gross architects y los planificadores urbanos (KSG) han completado el centro comunitario y la sinagoga de la comunidad judía de Ulm, Alemania. La gran ventana con la estrella de David indica la dirección hacia Jerusalén.

En 2009, la Comunidad Israelita Religiosa en Württemberg (IRGW) decidió construir una nueva sinagoga para la comunidad ortodoxa en Ulm y, junto con la ciudad de Ulm, convocaron a un concurso. La ciudad dispuso para el edificio un sitio en el medio de la Weinhof, muy cerca de la antigua sinagoga, que había sido destruida durante la Kristallnacht.

«La sinagoga y el centro comunitario judío se incluyen en una sola estructura. El cubo compacto es independiente de la plaza. Esta posición es histórica: en la Kristallnacht en 1938, la antigua sinagoga, que fue encerrado en una urbanización próxima a la carretera, fue destruida. Después de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, un edificio secular fue construido en dicho espacio. La sinagoga y la comunidad judía perdieron su lugar ancestral en el centro de Ulm. La construcción de la actual sinagoga ha abierto un nuevo sitio, en medio de la plaza. Es como si la sinagoga hubiera dado un paso adelante desde su posición anterior recuperando su ubicación. Sin fronteras construidas, se destaca abrupta y solitaria sobre la Weinhof «, dice Gross sobre el concepto urbano de la construcción.

Todos los espacios del centro comunitario y de la sinagoga se unen en la estructura: las habitaciones, el foyer, la sinagoga, el Mikve (baño ritual), el salón de reuniones, la escuela, las oficinas administrativas y la guardería de día con un área de juego protegida al aire libre. Las habitaciones están dispuestas ortogonalmente. Sólo la sinagoga sigue una línea independiente con una dirección diagonal. El sentido sur-este tiene un significado religioso: su dirección geográfica se orienta directamente hacia Jerusalén, el centro espiritual y religioso del judaísmo. La distribución en diagonal de la sinagoga crea una ventana en la esquina de la habitación sacra, que juega con un patrón de la estrella de David como un marco espacial. Con 600 aberturas, la sinagoga se ilumina desde muchos puntos, con el punto focal en el centro litúrgico, el santuario de la Torá. Las perforaciones en la fachada, creadas con un chorro de agua a alta presión, iluminan el interior del santuario y proyectan la idea hacia el exterior de la sinagoga.

También te puede interesar
"San Giacomo Apostolo" iglesia y complejo parroquial

 

Original text in English

ksg Completes Ulm Synagogue
20 months after the ground breaking ceremony, ksg handed over the synagogue to the Jewish community of Ulm. The large window with the Star of David pattern indicates the direction of Jerusalem. Federal president of Germany Joachim Gauck held the opening speech.

kister scheithauer gross architects and urban planners (ksg) have completed the community centre and synagogue for the Jewish community of Ulm.

In 2009, the Israelite Religious Community in Württemberg (IRGW) decided to build a new synagogue for its orthodox community in Ulm and, together with the city of Ulm, initiated a competition. The city placed the building site in the middle of the Weinhof, just a stone’s throw from the former synagogue, which was destroyed during Kristallnacht.

“The team from Cologne succeeded in enriching this highly sensitive location in the city of Ulm, without detracting from its unique character,” said the city’s head of construction, Alexander Wetzig, following the jury’s decision in January 2010.
In the completed build, the cuboid is lower and shorter than initially planned during the competition. It is now 24 meters wide, 16 deep and at 17 meters high, much lower than the nearby Schwörhaus.

“The synagogue and the Jewish community centre are included in one single structure. The compact cuboid is free standing in the square. This position is historical: in the Kristallnacht in 1938, the former synagogue, which was enclosed in a road side development, was destroyed. After World War II, a secular building was constructed in the space. The synagogue and the Jewish community lost its ancestral place in the centre of Ulm. The construction of the current synagogue has opened a new site, in the middle of the square. It is as though the synagogue has taken a step forward from its former position, it has reclaimed its location. With no constructed borders, it stands abrupt and solitary on the Weinhof,” explains Prof. Susanne Gross regarding the urban building concept.

También te puede interesar
Capilla Colegio Taborin

All the spaces of the community centre and the synagogue are joined in the smooth structure: foyer, synagogue, Mikvah (ritual bath), meeting hall, school and administrative rooms as well as the child day care centre with an enclosed outdoor playing area, which is directly above the sacral room.

The rooms are arranged orthogonally. Only the synagogue follows the line of the only, free-standing support in the building, in a diagonal direction. The direction facing south-east has an overlying religious meaning behind it: its geographical direction is directly towards Jerusalem, the spiritual and religious centre of Judaism.

The diagonal room layout creates a corner window in the sacral room, which plays with a pattern of the Star of David as a space framework. With 600 openings, the synagogue is illuminated from many points, with the focal point being the liturgical centrepiece; the Torah shrine. The perforations in the façade created with a high-pressure water jet, illuminate the shrine inside and project the idea of the synagogue outwards.

The interior fittings of the synagogue are partially based on ksg plans, such as the dodecagon holder, a symbol for the twelve lines of the people of Israel. Rabbi Shneur Trebnik, together with the IRGW representatives, selected the seating and ordered the construction of the Torah shrine, including the bimah, a raised platform with a lectern, from which the Torah is dictated. All three elements were constructed in Israel.

The prayer room offers space for 125 people, including 40 spaces in the women’s gallery. The building was full to capacity during the opening on Sunday, December 2nd 2012. The 300 invited guests included former Jewish citizens of Ulm, who fled during World War II. Speeches were held by Federal President of Germany Joachim Gauck, Prime Minister of Baden-Württemberg Winfried Kretschmann, the President of Central Council of Jews in Germany Dieter Graumann and Israel’s ambassador to Germany Yacov Hadas-Handelsman.

También te puede interesar
Sinagoga UHP

Para poder subir obras es necesario acceder con una cuenta ARQA

Para poder solicitar la creación de un grupo es necesario acceder con una cuenta ARQA

Para poder guardar en favoritos es necesario acceder con una cuenta ARQA

Para poder valorar obras es necesario acceder con una cuenta ARQA

Para poder agregar a este usuario a tu red de contactos es necesario que acceder con una cuenta ARQA

Para poder enviarle un mensaje a este usuario es necesario que acceder con una cuenta ARQA

Ir a la barra de herramientas